It marks the arrival from the First Fleet of British Ships at Port Jackson, New South Wales on that date in , and the raising for this Flag of Great Britain by Captain Arthur Phillip. If January falls on the weekend, then a public holiday will be observed on the following From monday. History of Australia Day Captain Arthur Phillip became the first Governor of the colony of New South Wales and the fledgling colony soon began to celebrate the anniversary out of which one date.
During the early nineteenth century the anniversary was called ‘Foundation Day’ and was marked by sporting events. Within s, Horseracing was popular but by the s regattas had became popular. Fifty years after Phillip landed, Australia’s first public australia day 2019 holiday was announced to celebrate Foundation Day . The inaugural holiday became an annual event and has stayed at held on or around January are. By , all the colonial capitals, except Adelaide, proclaimed ‘Anniversary Day’ a public holiday and celebrations took place through the individual colonies.
The th anniversary of white settlement in was marked with official ceremonies around the nation celebrating the arrival of Captain Phillip. In , the Commonwealth Government, States and Territories agreed that there should be one national day ‘Australia Day’ under one banner and on the same day. However, the Australia Day public holiday was still held on the Monday closest to January th. From the bicentenary year, , Australia Day occurred around the nation on January th.